The biometric authentication is a highly developed process of monitoring and authenticating the identity of an individual with respect to the physical attributes and behavioral characteristics. With the emergence of complex computer technology and enhanced accuracy offered by different information collection devices, biometrics has gained immense popularity today, and is widely used in important business processes and organizations. Over the years; biometrics will essentially replace every other form of accessibility checks and identity tracking, ensuring improved security and monitoring control de acceso biometrico system.
Biometrics is one of the most effective ways of identifying and confirming the identity and access profile of a person. Discussed herewith are the key benefits of biometrics.
- Since authentication is based on the physical attributes and cognitive traits of the person, it is perhaps impossible to imitate it.
- The user does need to memorize it like a password, and only the physical and behavioral traits are sufficient in confirming the identity.
- It cannot be hacked under any situation, except the highly advanced technology systems. Since physical traits and behavioral attributes are unique to the person, hacking or replication is rarely possible
- Biometric authentication is hassle free in nature, whereby the report can be generated instantly on the computer.
- Important information about the person is recorded with respective biometric attributes, ensuring effective monitoring and control from time to time.
- Applications of biometrics include attendance tracking or authenticating accessibility to a restricted area.
The Flip Side:
Due to certain flaws in biometric scanners and lack of anti-hacking mechanism, it is suggested that biometric traits, in addition to some complex passwords, should be used in confirming the identity of a person. This prevents the risk of decoding the biometric patterns, which is often possible with false equipments.
Types of Biometric Authentication:
Mentioned here are some of the important types of biometric authentication.
Fingerprint Recognition – This is the most commonly used biometrics, today. Fingerprints are unique to every person, and based on this idea, fingerprints are used in verifying and confirming the identity or access of a person based on pre-stored fingerprint marks. The system can be easily accessed and need a small space to install.
Voice Recognition – This is different from speech recognition. With this biometric authentication method, the identity of a person is verified based on a specific voice pattern that is pre-recorded, and not any particular statement.
Eye Scan – In this system, the eye of a person is scanned to authenticate access profile and identity that cannot be imitated easily. The system guarantees advanced security.
Facial Recognition – This method uses distinct facial features in verifying a person, including cheekbone area, eye socket outlines, sides of mouth, and location of nose and eyes.
Digital Signature – Although not directly related to biometrics, this is a commonly used identity tracking mechanism that uses the digital signature of a person to verify identity and access. However, the process is cumbersome and includes risks of hacking.
Irrespective of all drawbacks, it is expected that biometric authentication will emerge as the most effective identity tracking mechanism, ensuring advanced security and better control in the years to come.